Gluteal Buttock Stretch

What muscles does the gluteal buttock stretch target?

Gluteals

Upper Hamstrings

How to perform stretch:

Lay flat on the floor

Bend one knee towards chest while the other one remains straight

Pull the bent knee towards the opposite shoulder and your chest

Anatomy:

Gluteus Maximus is the major extensor muscle of the hip joint. Gluteus Medius is the main muscle providing lateral support to the hip in standing position. Both Gluteus Medius and Minimus abduct the hip and along with Anterior Medius fibers carry out flexion and internal rotation at the hip joint. Posterior Medius fibers, on the other hand, are involved in extension and external rotation of the hip joint.

The Hamstrings comprise of four different muscles: Biceps Femoris- both Long and Short head, Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus. All these muscles cross both hip and knee joint, except for the Short head of Biceps Femoris that covers only the knee joint. The Hamstrings are responsible for knee flexion and hip extension.

Advantages:

The stretch is useful for conditioning hip and thigh muscles as it lengthens the Gluteal muscles, the upper part of Hamstrings as well as the backside of the hip joint capsule.

This exercise helps to stretch the upper part of Hamstrings as well as the Gluteal muscles in the hip. The posterior side of the hip joint capsule is also stretched.

This very useful preconditioning exercise should be performed before stretching the entire Hamstrings.

It enhances the ease of bending down, and helps with activities such as climbing, kicking etc.

Regular exercise, running and walking makes the Hamstrings short and tight. Most of the low back problems are associated with tight Hamstring muscles.

Regular Range of Movement:

The thigh moves toward the chest while the other leg remains stretched straight on the floor. The leg should remain in contact with the floor at all times.

It involves both flexion and adduction at the hip joint. With a flexed knee, the hip can flex up to a maximum of 120-135 degrees. Adduction at hip joint ranges from 10 to 30 degrees.

When stretching upwards and outwards the hip not only flexes but abducts as well. This combination of movement ranges between 30 to 50 degrees, with a flexed knee.